CHINA: "Relation of Sexual Risks and Prevention Practices with Individuals' Stigmatising Beliefs Towards HIV Infected Individuals: An Exploratory Study" Sexually Transmitted Infections Vol. 81: P. 511-516 (12..05):: H. Liu; X. Li; B. Stanton; X. Fang; R. Mao; X. Chen; H. Yang
In the current study, the authors sought to investigate how a person's stigmatizing beliefs toward HIV-infected individuals are related to his or her own sexual risk and protective behaviors. To assess HIV-related stigmatizing beliefs, risky sexual behaviors, and preventative practices, the researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey on sexually experienced rural to urban migrants ages 18-30 in Beijing and Nanjing in 2002.
Of the 2,153 migrants surveyed, 7.2 percent reported having had more than one sexual partner in the previous month; 9.9 percent had commercial sex partners; and 12.5 percent reported an episode of an STD. Just 18 percent reported frequently or always using condoms, with 20 percent sometimes or occasionally using them. Fifty-seven percent of the migrants were willing to take a voluntary HIV test, and 65 percent reported HIV-related stigmatizing beliefs towards HIV-infected individuals.
Multiple logistic regression analysis found that migrants with stigmatizing beliefs toward people living with HIV were positively associated with having multiple sex partners, having had a STD episode, or having had commercial sex partners, and were negatively associated with condom use and willingness to take an HIV test.
"The finding that one's own stigmatising belief is a potential barrier to HIV related preventive practices highlights the difficulties and challenges in implementing behavioural interventions," the authors concluded. [Emphasis added, of course]