As I may have mentioned, I'm using a new service called GovTrack to feed me information about Congressional actions. It's not terribly timely; there's usually some delay between action and notice of an action--and even more delay before the details are accessible on the web. Still, it's been pretty much of an eye-opener, as in the case of S. 288, State High Risk Pool Funding Extension Act of 2005. This bill was reported out (passed) by the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on February 10, 2005 (well, I did say there was some delay in getting information!).
According to the committee summary:
S. 288 would amend the Public Health Service Act to extend the funding for the creation andoperation of a state high-risk health insurance pool. The high-risk pools offer health insurance to individuals who cannot obtain coverage in the marketplace. Under an authorization that expired in 2004, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) provided seed grants to states to create a high-risk health insurance pool and operational grants for the losses incurred in connection with the operation of a pool. S. 288 would extend the funding for the seed grants through 2006 and would increase and extend the funding for the operational grants through 2009. In addition, the bill would alter how grants are allotted to states.
The summary provides a few more details about the changes in how grants are allotted to states:
S. 288 would eliminate both the original requirement that each state match the amount of the federal grant to defray the cost of operating a high-risk pool and the corresponding limit on the federal contribution to no more than half of the operating loss of the pool. The bill would require that a portion of the funds for operational grants be used for grants to provide supplemental benefits, such as premium subsidies for low-income individuals, a reduction in premiums or other cost-sharing requirements, an expansion or broadening of the pool of individuals eligible for coverage, or increased benefits to enrollees or potential enrollees in a qualified high-risk pool. However, on June 30 of each fiscal year, unspent funds allocated to grants for supplemental benefits would be distributed to the states receiving operational grants that cover incurred losses. [emphasis added]
The bill also would modify the formula for allocating funds to states to give half of the funds to eligible states equally and apportion the other half based on the number of uninsured individuals in each state and the number of enrollees in the state's qualified high-risk pool. Previously, all funds were allotted based solely on the number of uninsured individuals in the state. Based on the operating losses of the existing pools (in 31 states), CBO expects that all of the appropriated funds would be spent, with direct spending of $14 million in 2005 and $355 million over the 2005-2010 period.
I'm not quite sure how this plays out for Texas. The Texas High Risk Pool has been operational for several years and is quite expensive, more so as individual risks are calculated. The program was not intended to help low income individuals. If, however, Texas is eligible for these grants--and our high rate of uninsured residents should put us in the ballpark--it would be interesting to know whether any accommodation will be made for low income persons as a result of the grants.