Monday, November 20, 2006

Texas AIDS Network 2007 bill track

The Network will be (as much as time and staff resources permit) posting its tracking list for the 80th Texas Legislature on line. The bill track--so far--has three levels of tracking.
  • HIV/STD: Bills on this list specifically address HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases. The Network may take a position for or against these bills, may actively support or oppose them through testimony or other means, and may request the Texas HIV/AIDS community to do the same. The Network will also write bill analyses that relate them to the Network's policy principles.
  • Related: Bills on this list have the potential to affect HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, or care even though they do not specifically reference HIV/AIDS or sexually transmitted disease. The Network may take a position for or against these bills, may support or oppose them in hearings, but may not invest significant resources in doing so. The Network will track the progress of these bills and look for changes that may have an effect, either positive or negative, on prevention, treatment, or care.
  • Of Interest: Bills on this list have the potential to affect the context, such as the social or overall health care environment, in which HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, or care occur. The Network will review these bills for negative or positive impact and take action as resources are available. In most cases, the Network will simply monitor their progress through the legislative process.

Bills may be moved from one list to another depending upon Network resources and the degree to which they may be expected to have an effect on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care.


Anonymous said...

Human Trafficking in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a source and transit country for men, women, and children for the object of sexual abuse, involuntary domestic servitude, child camel jockeying, and debt bondage. Women and girls from Bangladesh are trafficked to India and Pakistan for sexual abuse. Bangladeshi women migrate legally to Middle-East country–Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, the U.A.E., and Saudi Arabia–for work as domestic servants, but often find themselves in situations of involuntary servitude. In addition, Bangladeshi boys are trafficked to the Middle-East to serve as camel jockeys and internally as bonded laborers in the fishing industry. Women and girls from rural areas are trafficked internally for sexual abuse and domestic servitude.

There are 15,000 Bangladeshi women employed in Dubai and Bangladeshi women working in the Middle East sends home 72 per cent of their earnings on average.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that 2.45 million trafficking victims are toiling in exploitative conditions worldwide. An estimated 6,00,000 to 8,00,000 women and children are trafficked across international borders each year and among them, 80 per cent are women and girls.

Girls prostitutes is increasing, in part due to the misconception that young girls will not carry or transmit HIV/AIDS. So, many men believe that having sex with young girls will improve their virility or perhaps even cure a sexually transmitted disease or make them more successful in business. Girls prostitutes as young as teen are thus in high demand. So that, trafficking in Bangladesh exists for the purposes of forced prostitution. Although exact figures on the scope of the problem vary widely, the consensus is that the trafficking problem is growing rapidly. An estimated 90 percent of trafficked women were forced to engage in prostitution.

A survey conducted by Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation that the girls forced (trafficking) into the brothels do not want to return to their homes once they are into it for more than one year. Such girls believe, they would be victim of social stigma and face discrimination from the society. They also believe, their family would suffer several social taboo, self-respect, and social-dignity.

International Human Rights Organization has reported a range of estimates for the number of child trafficking victims. Some 5,000 to 12,000 girls may be trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation annually, and as many as 200,000 trafficked Nepalese girls are estimated to reside in Indian brothels. Girls as young as 9 years old have been trafficked. In 2001, a local NGO recorded 265 cases of girl trafficking victims, of which 34 percent were below 16 years of age. While trafficking of children often leads to their sexual exploitation, there is also demand for trafficked boys and girls to work in the informal labor sector

Traffickers were frequently from the country or India, and had links to brothels in India. In some cases parents or relatives sold women and girls into sex industries or trafficker. Every year, thousands of Bangladeshi girls, some as young as 12 are sent to or procured for brothels in the big Indian cities, like Bombay or Calcutta. AIDS researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “Trafficking in girls and women is warmly linked to movements in search of employment opportunities. Poverty and gender discrimination make girls and women more vulnerable to traffickers and buyers. The traffickers are not accompanying the women while crossing the border. So it is difficult for the border police to arrest them. There are some female members in the trafficking gang, which helps to hide their identity. Initiatives to reduce poverty and promote gender equality are therefore of direct importance in efforts to combat trafficking.”

The trafficking of girls and women for forced prostitution into Bangladesh is a serious problem and a grave human rights exploitation. Women unemployment in Bangladesh is twice as high as male unemployment. Jobs as domestic worker are so badly paid that it is impossible to live on them. Thus the high number of women who are forced to turn to prostitution is not surprising.

Mir. Jainal Abedin Faruqui
Director (SMMAI)
Jibon Tower

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So, many men believe that having sex with young girls will improve their virility or perhaps even cure a sexually transmitted disease or make them more successful in business. Girls prostitutes as young as teen are thus in high demand.

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